Maintenance Fee Increases Navigating a Rising Tide

In life two things are assured: death and taxes.  In condo and HOA life, there’s a third constant: annual increases to maintenance or common charges – but many shareholders and owners question why this is the case.  In times of relative stability with inflation at record low levels, why do their monthly charges increase like clockwork every time the calendar flips to a new year?

Why Do Monthly Charges Increase?

Monthly charges, known as common charges in condos and HOAs and maintenance fees in co-ops, are the pro rata share a vested resident pays for their share of the community’s annual operating expenses. 

“The operating budget includes recurring expenses such as payroll, taxes, utilities, insurance and day-to-day maintenance and operations,” says Marcy Kravit, a property manager located in Aventura, Florida.  She explains that the extent to which these items or others are a portion of your monthly charges depends on whether you live in a condominium or a co-op, and what items you may be responsible for individually.  Any of these expenses may increase over time, which will lead to an increase in monthly costs.

“Even in the best of economic times,” Kravit continues, “managers and board members are responsible and held accountable to scrutinize, dissect and assimilate the many challenges that the budget process presents.” Needless to say, the larger and more complex the community and its amenities, the more overwhelming this process can seem to the trustees tasked with it. 

 According to Mark Hakim, an attorney specializing in co-op and condominium law and director of the Co-op and Condo Department at the Ronkonkoma, New York-based law firm Chaves and Perlowitz, “The board, having a fiduciary duty, is obligated to ensure the solvency of the operation of the building. When a board determines that there are insufficient funds available for the payment of its operating expenses, while taking into account future costs and projects, an increase is necessary. Excepting for emergency situations, a board will customarily determine to increase its charges based on the proposed budget for the upcoming fiscal year. Obviously, if a board projects that the building will undergo major capital improvements or projects in the foreseeable future, they may take that into account years in advance, and raise maintenance or common charges to ensure that they’re funded well in advance of the project. Remember, the purpose of the increase should be to balance the budget, including any reserves the building feels are necessary in light of past work and future projects.”


Related Articles

The Importance of Robust Reserves

Don’t Get Caught Short

Underfunded Reserves

The Dangers of Running Short

Tapping Reserves in a Time of Financial Crisis

An Option to (Carefully!) Consider

Collecting Common Charges During Crisis

CAI Offers Guidance for Boards

Tapping Reserves in a Time of Financial Crisis

An Option to (Carefully!) Consider

Budgeting in a Changed Landscape

Making Predictions for the Unpredictable



  • Robert Nordlund, PE, RS on Tuesday, February 25, 2020 10:24 AM
    Cooper - thank you for writing this important article. Too many boards focus on the wrong objective... minimizing homeowner assessments. Their actual job is to provide for the needs of the association, which takes cash and (regular, usually) nominal annual increases. As a national provider of Reserve Studies (over 50,000 now completed for associations of all types in all 50 states), we have some great analytics on Reserve fund strength (what happens when boards squeeze their budget for too long and sacrifice adequate Reserve contributions), the direct relationship betw Reserve Fund strength and special assessments, and the relationship betw Reserve Fund strength and home values (curb appeal is real!). Best wishes to you, and keep up the encouragement along these lines for boards to "do the right thing".