Known for its links to the sea and the home port of the U.S. Coast Guard Academy, New London, Connecticut sits on the banks of the Thames River, and is also home to two well-known colleges and some notable academicians, politicians and patriots.
A seaport city and port of entry for the Northeast coast, New London is located about 107 miles from Boston, 56 miles from Providence, 85 miles from New Bedford and 128 miles from New York City.
Everyone thinks of Nantucket or New Bedford as the whaling capitals of New England. But few non-Nutmeggers know that for several decades beginning in the early 19th century, New London was the world’s third busiest whaling port after New Bedford and Nantucket. The money that the whaling industry brought into the city’s coffers furnished the capital to fund much of New London’s present architecture. New London subsequently became home to other shipping and manufacturing industries but over the years had gradually lost its commercial and industrial base. The city is home to Connecticut College, Mitchell College, the United States Coast Guard Academy, and The Williams School. New London Harbor is home port to the U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Chinook and the Coast Guard's tall ship Eagle. Nearby Groton is home to the Electric Boat Corporation, which builds submarines for the U.S. military, and the U.S. Naval Submarine base.
New London had a population of 27,620 as of the 2010 census. The Norwich-New London metropolitan area (NECTA) includes 21 towns and 274,055 people.
History and Revolution
New London was originally named Nameaug by the Pequot Indians. A former governor, John Winthrop, Jr., founded the first English settlement here in 1646, making it the thirteenth town settled in Connecticut.