Boston, Massachusetts, which was first incorporated as a town in 1630, and as a city in 1822, is one of America's oldest cities blessed with not only a rich economic history but a social and cultural history worthy of many of its New England rivals.
Having its beginnings as a homesteading and farming community, Boston eventually evolved into a center for social and political change. The city has since become the economic and cultural hub of all of New England.
Massachusetts’ founders originated primarily from the Plymouth Bay and Massachusetts Bay colonies. In the early 1600s, a group of religious separatists sailed on the Mayflower seeking a new home in the New World. After reaching Cape Cod, the Pilgrims landed at Provincetown Harbor on November 11, 1620 and on December 16th they dropped anchor at Plymouth, Massachusetts, at a site later landmarked as Plymouth Rock.
A second English settlement, the Massachusetts Bay Colony, was primarily situated around the present-day cities of Salem and Boston. The territory administered by the colony included much of present-day central New England, including portions of the U.S. states of Massachusetts, Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Connecticut. Territory claimed but never administered by the colonial government extended as far west as the Pacific Ocean.
One of the pioneer settlers instrumental in the founding of Boston, was one of the religious clergy, the Rev. William Blackstone. Blackstone immigrated in 1623 in the Captain Robert Gorges expedition. Arriving three years after the Mayflower, Blackstone was the first white settler of Shawmut, an area that was to become Boston, and he later emigrated to Rhode Island, where he conducted the first Anglican services there. A good friend to the Indians and to Roger Williams, the founder of Providence, Rhode Island, the Rev. Blackstone is considered to be the founding father of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States. He married at age 64 and had an only son John.